Glossary

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Ad hoc
Definition:

From time to time / not on regular programmed basis

Area closure
Definition:

Land closed by fencing (or other means) for control of grazing or resting

Attitude
Definition:

Manner, disposition, feeling or position with regard to a person or a thing, e.g. welcoming, open, indifferent, reserved, mistrusting, rejecting

Backward sloping bench terrace
Definition:

A bench terrace in which the terrace bed slopes slightly backwards (towards the riser of the next upper terrace)

Banks / bunds
Definition:

Linear or contour earth or stone (or mixed material) structures, normally more than 30

Barely palatable herbaceous species
Definition:

Grass species which are only eaten when more desirable species are unavailable

Barrier
Definition:

Physical obstacles to movement of soil or sand; can be made of various materials

Baseline information
Definition:

Basic information about the area / people before project intervention

Bio-physical
Definition:

Biological (e.g. fauna and flora) and physical (e.g. topographical and edaphic) aspects of the environment

Bottom-up approach
Definition:

Land users given a primary role in participatory decision making

Braking compacted subsoil
Definition:

Deep ripping of soil with a tine or similar tool, normally to break a hard pan, and / or to improve drainage and infiltration

Breakdown
Definition:

Constituent parts

Browsing
Definition:

Animals feeding from trees and shrubs

Bund and ditch
Definition:

A bund formed from excavating soil making an adjacent ditch (above or below)

Burning
Definition:

Setting fire to pasture / rangeland to burn off unpalatable dry grass, and to control bush invasion in some circumstances

Capacity building
Definition:

Improving human skills (through training, etc.)

Cash crop
Definition:

A crop grown entirely (or mainly) for sale

Casual labour
Definition:

Temporary wage labour

Clear felling
Definition:

Felling the whole forest at one time

Communal land
Definition:

Land managed by a community of land users (larger number of land users)

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